Evaluation of power-to-X technologies in US energy system futures

  • This paper examines the deployment of Power to-X technologies in the US energy system through 2040. For this analysis, Power-to-X technologies have been added to an input database representing the US energy system as a single region, which is used in conjunction with an energy system optimization model called Tools for energy model optimization and analysis (Temoa). Detailed data for each individual technology, including water electrolysis, hydrogen compression and storage, chemical processing to synthetic natural gas (SNG) and methanol was collected and entered to the input database. Under a deep decarbonization scenario, Power-to-X is deployed beginning in 2035 under the assumption of no new nuclear power plants installed and a restriction on biodiesel production based on limited area for growing crops. The major portion of the hydrogen generated by electrolysis from excess PV- and wind-generated electricity goes into the production of methanol. This result suggests that Power-to-X is used to generate transport fuels in order to reduce CO2 emissions especially in this sector.

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Metadaten
Name:Thomas, Bernd
ISBN:978-605-66381-7-6
Erschienen in:8th Global Conference on Global Warming, April 22-25, 2019 Qatar University and Intercontinental Doha City, Doha, Qatar : conference proceedings
Publisher:Qatar University
Place of publication:Doha, Qatar
Editor:Ibrahim Dincer
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Language:English
Year of Publication:2019
Tag:energy systems modelling; hydrogen; power-to-X; power-to-gas; synthetic fuels
Pagenumber:4
First Page:320
Last Page:323
Dewey Decimal Classification:333 Boden- und Energiewirtschaft
Open Access:Nein