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Application of machine learning in literature reviews: a framework

  • Literature reviews are essential for any scientific work, both as part of a dissertation or as a stand-alone work. Scientists benefit from the fact that more and more literature is available in electronic form, and finding and accessing relevant literature has become more accessible through scientific databases. However, a traditional literature review method is characterized by a highly manual process, while technologies and methods in big data, machine learning, and text mining have advanced. Especially in areas where research streams are rapidly evolving, and topics are becoming more comprehensive, complex, and heterogeneous, it is challenging to provide a holistic overview and identify research gaps manually. Therefore, we have developed a framework that supports the traditional approach of conducting a literature review using machine learning and text mining methods. The framework is particularly suitable in cases where a large amount of literature is available, and a holistic understanding of the research area is needed. The framework consists of several steps in which the critical mind of the scientist is supported by machine learning. The unstructured text data is transformed into a structured form through data preparation realized with text mining, making it applicable for various machine learning techniques. A concrete example in the field of smart cities makes the framework tangible.

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Author of HS ReutlingenBozkurt, Yusuf; Braun, Reiner; Rossmann, Alexander
Erschienen in:IADIS International journal on computer science and information systems
Document Type:Journal article
Publication year:2022
Tag:clustering; framework; literature review; machine learning; research method; text mining
Page Number:16
First Page:65
Last Page:80
DDC classes:004 Informatik
Open access?:Nein