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Predicting thermal and thermo-oxidative stability of silane-modified clay minerals using thermogravimetry and isoconversional kinetic analysis

  • Clay minerals play an increasingly important role as functional fillers and reinforcing materials for clay polymer nanocomposites (CPN) in advanced applications. Among the prerequisites necessary for polymer improvement by clay minerals are homogeneous and stable Distribution of the clay mineral throughout the CPN, good compatibility of the reinforcement with the Matrix component and suitable processability. Typically, clay minerals are surface-modified with organic interface active compounds like detergents or silanes to obtain favorable properties as filler. They are incorporated into the polymer matrix using manufacturing Equipment like extruders, batch reactors or other mixing machines. In order for the surface modification to survive the stresses and strains during incorporation, the modified clay minerals must display sufficient thermal and mechanical stability to retain the compatibilizing effect. In the present study, thermogravimetry was used in combination with isoconversional kinetic analysis to determine the thermal stability of a silane-modified clay mineral based on bentonite. These findings were compared with the stability of the same clay mineral that was only surfactant-modified. It was found that silane modification leads to significantly improved thermal stability, which depends strongly on the type of silane employed.

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Author of HS ReutlingenGeyer, Björn; Hundshammer, Tobias; Röhner, Stefan; Lorenz, Günter; Kandelbauer, Andreas
Erschienen in:Applied clay science
Place of publication:Amsterdam
Document Type:Article
Year of Publication:2014
Tag:clay minerals; isoconversional kinetic analysis; silane modification; thermal stability; thermogravimetry
Page Number:7
First Page:253
Last Page:259
DDC classes:660 Technische Chemie
Open Access?:Nein
Licence (German):License Logo  Lizenzbedingungen Elsevier