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An integrated 3-mW 120/230-V AC mains micropower supply

  • The maintenance issue of batteries and the limited power level of energy harvesting is addressed by the presented integrated micropower supply. Connected to the 120/230-VRMS mains, it provides a 3.3-V ac output voltage, suitable for applications such as the Internet-of Things and smart homes. The micropower supply consists of a fully integrated ac–dc and dc–dc converter with one external low-voltage surface mount device buffer capacitor, resulting in an extremely compact size. Fabricated in a low-cost 0.35-μm 700-V complimentary metal-oxide-semiconductor technology, it covers a die size of 7.7 mm². The ac–dc converter is a direct coupled, full-wave rectifier with a subsequent series regulator. The dc–dc stage is a fully integrated capacitive 4:1 converter with up to 17-V input and 47.4% peak efficiency. The power supply comprises several high-voltage control circuits including level shifters and various types of charge pumps (CPs). A source supplied CP is utilized that supports a varying switching node potential. The overall losses are discussed and optimized, including flying capacitor bottom-plate losses. The power supply achieves an output power of 3 mW, resulting in a power density of 390 μW/mm². This exceeds prior art by a factor of 11.

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Metadaten
Author of HS ReutlingenLutz, Daniel; Wicht, Bernhard
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1109/JESTPE.2018.2798504
ISSN:2168-6777
eISSN:2168-6785
Erschienen in:IEEE journal of emerging and selected topics in power electronics
Publisher:IEEE
Place of publication:New York, NY
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of Publication:2018
Tag:ac–dc power converters; charge pumps (CPs); dc–dc power converters; power supplies; switched capacitor circuits
Volume:6
Issue:2
Page Number:11
First Page:581
Last Page:591
DDC classes:620 Ingenieurwissenschaften und Maschinenbau
Open Access?:Nein
Licence (German):License Logo  Lizenzbedingungen IEEE