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Equilibrium thickness of foam films and adsorption of ions at surfaces: Water and aqueous solutions of sodium chloride, hydrochloric acid, and sodium hydroxide

  • Hypothesis The origin of negative surface charge at water/air interface is still not clear. The most probable origin is specific adsorption of OH− ions. From diffuse layer potential, we can evaluate the surface density of ions in the Stern layer which can be a measure for the specific adsorption of ions and determines whether the surface charge is solely due to the specific adsorption of OH− ions. Experiments Equilibrium thickness of foam films of pure water and aqueous solutions of NaCl, HCl, and NaOH was measured as a function of disjoining pressure for water and as a function of concentration for the aqueous solutions at 298.15 K. Quartz-glass cells thoroughly cleaned and immersed in pure water before use were used for the measurement. Findings Application of a modified Poisson-Boltzmann equation to the equilibrium film thickness gave the diffuse layer potential and the surface density of ions in the Stern layer. From the concentration dependence of the surface density, it was concluded that not only OH− ions but also Cl− ions and HCO3− and/or CO32− ions adsorb specifically at the water/air interface.

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Metadaten
Author of HS ReutlingenKrastev, Rumen
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2019.12.042
ISSN:0021-9797
eISSN:1095-7103
Erschienen in:Journal of colloid and interface science : JCIS
Publisher:Elsevier
Place of publication:Amsterdam
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of Publication:2020
Tag:adsorption of ions; diffuse layer potential; equilibrium film thickness; modified Poisson-Boltzmann equation; specific adsorption; stern layer; surface charge density; surface density
Volume:565
Page Number:11
First Page:405
Last Page:415
DDC classes:540 Chemie
Open Access?:Nein
Licence (German):License Logo  Lizenzbedingungen Elsevier