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Development of an easy teaching and simulation solution for an autonomous mobile robot system

  • With mass customized production becoming the mainstream, industries are shifting from large-scale manufacturing to flexible and customized production of small batch sizes. Agile manufacturing strategies adopted by SMEs are driving the usage of collaborative robots in today's factories. Major challenges in the adoption of cobots in the industry are the lack of a highly trained workforce to program the robot to perform complex tasks and integration of robot systems to other smart devices in the factory. In addition, the teaching and simulation by non-robotics experts of many industrial collaborative robot systems like the KUKA LBR iiwa is a major challenge, since these systems are designed to be programmed by robot experts and not by shop floor workers or other non-experts. This paper describes the research and development activities done for reducing the barriers in operation and ensure holistic integration of LBR iiwa cobot in the assembly on the example of the ESB Logistics Learning Factory. These include a visual programming solution for the easy teaching of various tasks. Robotic tasts are classified based on common robotics applications and application-specific blocks abstracting specific actions are implemented. A factory worker with no programming competency cour create robot programs by combining these blocks using a Graphical User Interface. In addition, a simulation solution was developed to visualized, analyse, and optimize robotic workflow before deployment. an autonomous mobile robot is integrated with the LBR iiw to improve reconfigurability and thus also the productivity. The system as a whole is controlled using an event-driven distributed control system. Finally, the capabilities of the system are analysed based on the design principles of Industrie 4.0 and potential future research ideas are discussed to further improve the system.

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Author of HS ReutlingenNair, Vinu; Kuhn, Daniel; Hummel, Vera
Erschienen in:Procedia manufacturing
Place of publication:Amsterdam
Editor:Christoph Herrmann
Document Type:Journal article
Publication year:2019
Tag:collaborative robots; cyber physical systems; easy teaching; virtualisation; visual programming
Page Number:7
First Page:270
Last Page:276
DDC classes:620 Ingenieurwissenschaften und Maschinenbau
Open access?:Ja
Licence (German):License Logo  Creative Commons - CC BY-NC-ND - Namensnennung - Nicht kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitungen 4.0 International