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Effects of process parameters on silane grafting of liquid ethylene-propylene copolymer by reactive extrusion as quantified by response surface methodology

  • Here, we report the continuous peroxide-initiated grafting of vinyltrimethoxysilane (VTMS) onto a standard polyolefin by means of reactive extrusion to produce a functionalized liquid ethylene propylene copolymer (EPM). The effects of the process parameters governing the grafting reaction and their synergistic interactions are identified, quantified and used in a mathematical model of the extrusion process. As process variables the VTMS and peroxide concentrations and the extruder temperature setting were systematically studied for their influence on the grafting and the relative grafting degree using a face-centered central composite design (FCD). The grafting degree was quantified by 1H NMR spectroscopy. Response surface methodology (RSM) was used to calculate the most efficient grafting process in terms of chemical usage and graft yield. With the defined processing window, it was possible to make precise predictions about the grafting degree with at the same time highest possible relative degree of grafting.

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Author of HS ReutlingenBäuerle, Tim; Ulitzsch, Steffen; Lorenz, Anita; Rebner, Karsten; Kandelbauer, Andreas; Lorenz, Günter
Erschienen in:Polymer : the international journal for the science and technology of polymers
Place of publication:Amsterdam
Document Type:Journal article
Publication year:2020
Tag:design of experiments; ethylene-propylene copolymer (EPM); grafting degree; reactive extrusion; silane grafting; vinyltrimethoxysilane (VTMS)
Page Number:9
First Page:1
Last Page:9
Article Number:122601
DDC classes:540 Chemie
Open access?:Nein
Licence (German):License Logo  In Copyright - Urheberrechtlich geschützt