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Sol-gel-controlled size and morphology of mesoporous silica microspheres using hard templates

  • Mesoporous silica microspheres (MPSMs) represent a promising material as a stationary phase for HPLC separations. The use of hard templates provides a preparation strategy for producing such monodisperse silica microspheres. Here, 15 MPSMs were systematically synthesized by varying the sol–gel reaction parameters of water-to-precursor ratio and ammonia concentration in the presence of a porous p(GMA-co-EDMA) polymeric hard template. Changing the sol–gel process factors resulted in a wide range of MPSMs with varying particle sizes from smaller than one to several micrometers. The application of response surface methodology allowed to derive quantitative predictive models based on the process factor effects on particle size, pore size, pore volume, and specific surface area of the MPSMs. A narrow size distribution of the silica particles was maintained over the entire experimental space. Two larger-scale batches of MPSMs were prepared, and the particles were functionalized with trimethoxy(octadecyl) silane for the application as stationary phase in reversed-phases liquid chromatography. The separation of proteins and amino acids was successfully accomplished, and the effect of the pore properties of the silica particles on separation was demonstrated.

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Author of HS ReutlingenSteinbach, Julia; Fait, Fabio; Kandelbauer, Andreas
Erschienen in:ACS omega
Publisher:American Chemical Society
Place of publication:Washington, DC
Document Type:Journal article
Publication year:2023
Tag:ammonia; genetics; nanoparticles; peptides and proteins; silica
Page Number:12
First Page:30273
Last Page:30284
DDC classes:540 Chemie
Open access?:Ja
Licence (German):License Logo  Creative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International