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Higher-order externalities in multi-platform ecosystems

  • Platforms have become pivotal business models and involve a different logic than traditional pipeline business models. Important factors for understanding their emergence and growth are externalities such as network effects and complementarities. At present, these concepts are focused on the effects on a single platform, but with the diffusion of platforms and their maturity, platforms are increasingly linked to each other. This interconnection of multiple platforms towards multi-platform ecosystems poses two key challenges. First, their networked structure exceeds traditional analytical approaches that are based on dyadic relationships. Second, individual choices drive externalities in these ecosystems, giving rise to emergent structures. To address these issues, the present research proposes a network science-based methodology that augments existing approaches to understand and visualize ecosystems (“ecosystem intelligence”). It presents a network conceptualization that captures the structure of multi-platform ecosystems and proposes a method for data collection and detailed network modeling. Among the main findings are three new types of externalities referred to as higher-order externalities. These include remote externalities that indicate value creation across platforms, transitive externalities representing chains between platforms, and polyadic externalities capturing value creation in n-ary relationships. They contribute to the understanding and management of the intricacies of multi-platform ecosystems, which can open new avenues in ecosystem intelligence.

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Author of HS ReutlingenZimmermann, Alfred
Erschienen in:Proceedings of the 57th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS) : 3-6 January 2024, Hawai'i
Publisher:University of Hawai'i at Manoa
Place of publication:Manoa
Document Type:Conference proceeding
Publication year:2024
Tag:complementarities; complex ecosystems; complex platforms; eco-system modeling and analysis; network effects; network science
Page Number:10
First Page:3990
Last Page:3999
DDC classes:004 Informatik
Open access?:Ja
Licence (German):License Logo  Creative Commons - CC BY-NC-ND - Namensnennung - Nicht kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitungen 4.0 International