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  • Since human beings started to work consciously with their environment, they have tried to improve the world they were living in. Early use of tools, increasing quality of these tools, use of new materials, fabrication of clay pots, and heat treatment of metals: all these were early steps of optimization. But even on lower levels of life than human beings or human society, we find optimization processes. The organization of a herd of buffalos to face their enemies, the coordinated strategies of these enemies to isolate some of the herd’s members, and the organization of bird swarms on their long flights to their winter quarters: all these social interactions are optimized strategies of long learning processes, most of them the result of a kind of collective intelligence acquired during long selection periods.

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Author of HS ReutlingenSteinbuch, Rolf
Erschienen in:Bionic optimization in structural design : stochastically based methods to improve the performance of parts and assemblies
Place of publication:Berlin, Heidelberg
Editor:Rolf Steinbuch
Document Type:Book chapter
Publication year:2016
Page Number:10
First Page:1
Last Page:10
PPN:Im Katalog der Hochschule Reutlingen ansehen
DDC classes:620 Ingenieurwissenschaften und Maschinenbau
Open access?:Nein
Licence (German):License Logo  In Copyright - Urheberrechtlich geschützt